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武汉华英艺术生文化课 高中英语状语从句讲解及练习

武汉华英艺考

状语从句

状语从句在句中作状语,可分为:时间、条件、让步、原因、目的、结果、比较、地点、方式状语从句。

一、 时间状语从句

引导时间状语从句的连词有:when, as, while, until, not…until, before, after, since, the minute, the moment, each( every, next, the first) time等。时间状语从句中一般用一般现在时或一般过去时。

1. When , while, as都可解释为“当```的时候”但侧重点有所不同。

1) When

Eg: When I arrived home , I had a little rest.

注意点:

when 从句的主语与主句主语相同,谓语动词是be 动词时,从句主语和be可以省略。 Eg: When (she was) walking along the street, she met her class teacher.

2) As

As 除了表示“当```的时候”,还可表示为“一面```一面”,

Eg: He sang as he danced.(一面```一面)

You will grow wiser as you grow older.(随着)

3) While表示“当```的时候”从句一般用进行时,从句动词必须是延续性动词。

注意点:

while 2. until, not…until```常用短暂性动词。

肯定句:否定句:注意点:

1)not until…

eg: 引导的强调句

It was not until it was dark that he came back.

3. the minute, the moment, each time都可表示“一```就```”

eg: The worker recognized the type of the machine the moment he saw it.

注意点:

the minute, the moment, each ( every, next, the first) time作连词不和when 连用。

4.Hardly/scarcely…when, no sooner…than, as soon as表示为“一```就```”

eg: I had hardly/scarcely got home when it began to rain.

I had no sooner got home than it began to rain.

It began to rain as soon as I got home.

注意点:Hardly/scarcely…when, no sooner…than位于句首,主句用倒装

eg: Had I hardly/scarcely got home when it began to rain.

No sooner had I got home than it began to rain.

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