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011-完形填空-第十一篇 气候变化给不备城市带来重大凤险

011-完形填空-第十一篇 气候变化给不备城市带来重大凤险

第十一篇气候变化给不备城市带来重大凤险

+第十一篇Climate Change Poses Major Risks for Unprepared Cities

A new examination of urban policies has beenrecently by Patricia Romero Lankao She is a sociologist specializing in climate change and_ development. She warns that many of the world' s fast-growing urban areas,

especially in developing countries,will likely suffer from the impacts of changing climate. Her work also concludes that most cities are failing toemissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse. These gases are known to affect the atmosphere. "Climate change is a deeply local issue and poses profound threats to the growing cities of the world," says Romero Lankao. "But too few cities are developing effective strategies totheir residents. "

Cities aresources of greenhouse gas. And urban populations are likely to be among those most severely affected by future climate change. Lankao's findings3 highlight ways in which city-residents are particularly vulnerable,and suggest policy interventions that could offer immediate and longer-term.

The locations and dense construction patterns of cities often place their

populations at greater risk for natural disasters. Potentialassociated with climate include storm surges and prolonged hot weather. Storm surges can flood coastal areas and prolonged hot weather can heatpaved cities5 more than surrounding areas. The impacts of such natural events can be more serious in an urban environment. For example,a prolonged heat wave can increase existing levels of air pollution,causing widespread health problems. Poorer neighborhoods that may basic facilities such as drinking water or a dependable network of roads,are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. Many residents in poorer countries live in substandard housingaccess to reliable drinking water,roads and basic services.

Local goverments,,should take measures to protect their residents.

"Unfortunately,they tend to move towards rhetoric meaningful

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