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human civilization

人类文明史

Review Guide

Part 1 The Origin of Human(人类起源)

and archaeology

1. When and where did human being get started?

6 million years ago。Africa 2. Is the concept of human equal to the concept of civilization? No. Certain Conglomerations of humans are seen as civilizations

3. Most of the ancient civilizations started with agriculture.(T)

4. Before agriculture, what living style did human have? 15thousand years ago,people were foragers and hunters

Foraging(gathering) and hunting

5. Why agriculture is important in human history?(我总结的)

(1)human creates food surplusand can feed more people and not depend on gathering and hunting only any more

(2)itmakes cities and countries possible and makes the specialization of labor

(3)it produced something bad like inequality,war,patriarchy,famine(hunger)and environment destruction.

(4) it has a great influence on our world until now 6. Why is language so important for us? A kind of record

(1) once writing appeared, we had actual history

(2) Language is the most important communication tool.

(3) Language is the medium for human to exchange ideas.

7. What are the essential features of early human beings?(4点)

upright-walking havevertical forehead brain is growinguntill three human haschildhood

human has hyoid bone which decides our voice 8. Who is Selam? How old is she? She was the earliest child that ever be discovered .

she is the most complete skeleton we have of a three years old girl who lived and died in 3.3 milion years ago she was3.3million years old

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