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突破托福口语的高分技巧——注重表达(下篇)

本文中,朗阁大连考试研究中心的专家想要着重强调的是中国考生在托福口语中面对问题,已经有思路但仍存在的表述障碍,或是已经很努力地去练习,但是找不到具体提升方向的三方面:一是表达思想空洞,没有具体的例子和细节支持,二是缺乏连贯性,三是词汇使用不当。

托福口语高分突破技巧精述——注重表达(下篇)

朗阁海外考试研究中心 逯巍

二、缺乏连贯性

其次,关于连贯性问题。所谓连贯(Coherence)是指为了使段落便于阅读和理解,段落中的句子应该按某种逻辑顺序排列。同时,各部分内容应该用适当的过渡词语连接起来。连贯性原则要求你把相关的思想、事实、例子和证据有条理地放在一起表达。例如下段文字,读起来显得缺乏条理,不流畅:There are reasons why I like to fish. I enjoy the pull of a big fish at the other end of the line. My enjoyment increases if the fish is in the deep waters of a lake. I don’t like him close to shore among the weeds. The hope of catching a big one lures me to the less-known pools and the cool waters near some hidden rock. I like the quiet under the open sky away from the weekend campers and vacationers.

如果在上段文字中加入一些恰当的过渡词语等,那效果就大不一样:There are three reasons why I like to fish. First, I enjoy the pull of a big fish at the other end of the line. Moreover, my enjoyment increases if the fish is in the deep waters of a lake, rather than close to shore among the weeds. Second, the hope of catching a big one lures me to the less-known pools and the cool waters near some hidden rock. Finally, I like the quiet under the open sky away from the weekend campers and vacationers.

有了连接词的答案有了明显的线条,答案非常清晰且有紧凑感。

再看下面的例子:

Sample 1

When we choose a car, we must think about many things. It must be big enough

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