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2012年职称英语完形填空:Climate Change Poses Major Risks for Unprepared Cities

Climate Change Poses Major Risks for Unprepared Cities

A new examination of urban policies has been 1 recently by Patricia Romero Lankao.She is a sociologist specializing in climate change and 2 development.She warns that many of the

world’s fast-growing urban areas,especially in developing countries.will likely suffer from the impacts of changing climate.Her work also concludes that most cities are failing to 3 emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse 4 .These gases are known to affect the

atmosphere.”Climate change is a deeply local issue and poses profound threats to the growing cities of the world,” says Romero Lankao. ”But too few cities are developing effective strategies to 5 their residents."

Cities are 6 sources of greenhouse gases.And urban populations are likely to be among those most severely affected by future climate change. Lankao’s findings highlight ways in which city-residents are particularly vulnerable, and suggest policy interventions that could offer immediate and longer-term 7 .

The locations and dense construction patterns of cities often place their populations at

greater risk for natural disasters. Potential 8 associated with climate include storm surges and

prolonged hot weather. Storm surges can flood coastal areas and prolonged hot weather can heat 9 paved cities more than surrounding areas.The impacts of such natural events can be more serious in an urban environment.For example,a prolonged heat wave can increase existing levels of air pollution,causing widespread health problems.Poorer neighborhoods that may 10 basic facilities such as drinking water or a dependable network of roads,are especially vulnerable to natural disasters.Many residents in poorer countries live in substandard housing 11 access to reliable drinking water,roads and basic services.

Local governments, 12 ,should take measures to protect their residents.”Unfortunately,they tend to move towards rhetoric 13 meaningful responses, Romero Lankao writes, ” They don’t impose construction standards that could reduce heating and air conditioning needs. They don't emphasize mass transit and reduce 14 use. In fact, many local governments are taking a

hands—off approach.” Thus, she urges them to change their 15 policies and to take strong steps to prevent the harmful effects of climate change on cities.

词汇:

vulnerable / 'v?ln?r?bl / adj .易受伤害的

infrastructure / 'infr?,str?kt?? / n .基础设施

sociologist /,s?usi'?l?d?ist /n.社会学家

substandard / ,s?b'stænd?d / adj.标准以下的

dioxide / dai'?ksaid / .二氧化物

floodplain /'fl?dplein / n .泛滥平原

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