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Climate Change Poses Major Risks for Unprepared Ci

Climate Change Poses Major Risks for Unprepared Cities

A new examination of urban policies has been_1_C carried out_ recently by Patricia Romero Lankao. She is a sociologist specializing in climate change and 2_D y of the world’s fast-growing urban areas, especially in developing countries, will likely1 suffer from the impacts of changing These gases are known to affect the atmosphere. “Climate change is a deeply local issue and poses profound threats to the growing cities of the world,” says Romero Lankao. “But too few cities are developing effective strategies to _5c_protect ___ their residents.”

Cities are____6Dmajor___ sources of greenhouse gases. And urban populations are likely to2 be among

those most severely affected by future climate change. Lankao’s findings3 highlight ways in which city-residents are particularly vulnerable, and suggest policy interventions that could offer immediate and

longer-term____7Dbenefits____.

The locations and dense construction patterns of cities often place their populations at greater risk for natural disasters. Potential____8Athreats ____ associated with climate include storm surges4 and prolonged hot weather. Storm surges can flood coastal areas and prolonged hot weather can heat ____9B_heavily ___ paved cities5 more than surrounding areas. The impacts of such natural events can be more serious in an urban environment For example, a prolonged heat wave can increase existing levels of air pollution, causing widespread health problems. Poorer neighborhoods that may ____10C lack ____ basic facilities such as drinking water or a

dependable network of roads, are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. Many residents in poorer countries live in substandard housing ____11A_ without ___ access to reliable drinking water, roads and basic services. Local governments,____12Btherefore ____, should take measures to protect their residents. “Unfortunately, they tend to move towards rhetoric____13D_rather than___ meaningful responses7,” Romero Lankao writes. “They don’t impose construction standards that could reduce heating and air conditioning needs. They don’t hands-off approach8.” Thus, she urges them to change their____1to prevent the harmful effects of climate change on cities.

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