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美国英语发音技巧大全

美国英语发音技巧大全

美国英语发音技巧大全

一、连读

连读有两种规则,分别为:

1、 以辅音结尾的单词+元音开头的单词:

如:(1)I’d li(ke a)nother bow(l o)f rice. 这里like / laik / 以辅音结尾,another 以元音开头,所以连读;(2)We have an English friend. 这个句子有两处连读:前一处是have的尾辅音/v/与an的开头元音//连读为/v/;后一处是an的尾辅音/n/与English的开头音素/i/连读为/ni/。举例:

I’m~an~English boy. It~is~an~old book. Let me have~a look~at~it. Ms Black worked in~an~office last~yesterday. I called~you half~an~hour~ago.

Put~it~on, please. Not~at~all. Please pick~it~up.

注意: 以辅音结尾 指的是音标中的最后一个音是辅音,而不是单词的结尾,这如同u[ju:.]niversity前面的定冠词必须用a 一样。

2、以辅音结尾的单词 + h开头的单词h不发音,与前面的辅音连读 what wil(l he) [wili]do? Ha(s he) done it before? Mus(t he) [ti] go?

Can he do it? Should he .?

Tell him to ask her . Lea(ve him) [vim]. For him (连读这个词,会发现和forum 很相似)

3、以-r或-re字母结尾的单词+元音开头的单词时,可将/r/与后面的元音拼读。

如:They looked for it here and there.这个句子也有两处连读:前一处是for it合读为/frit/,后一处是here and合读为/hirnd/。 举例:They’re my father~and mother. I looked for~it here~and there. There~is a football under~it. There~are some books on the desk. Here~is a letter for you. Here~are four~eggs. But where~is my cup? Where~are your brother~and sister?

注意,如果一个音节的前后都有字母r,即使后面的词以元音开头,也不能连读。 The black clouds are coming nearer and nearer.(nearer与and不可连读)

4、“辅音+半元音”型连读

英语语音中的/j/和/w/是半元音,如果前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以半元音,特别是/j/开头,此时也要连读。

举例:Thank~you. Nice to meet~you. Did~you get there late~again? Would~you like~a cup~of tea? Could~you help me, please?

5、“元音+元音”型连读

如果前一个词以元音结尾,后一个词以元音开头,这两个音往往也要自然而不间断地连读到一起。

举例:I~am Chinese. He~is very friendly to me. She wants to study~English. How~and why did you come here? She can’t carry~it. It’ll take you three~hours to walk there. The question is too~easy for him to answer.

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