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浅析老友记幽默语言的语用对比

语言研究

浅析老友记幽默语言的语用对比

张瑞波 云南省曲靖师范学院外国语学院 云南 曲靖 655000

摘 要:作为幽默的主要表现形式,幽默语言在我们的生活中很常见。本论文基于国内外目

前研究的基础上,以合作原则、礼貌原则、语境理论为理论框架,以美国情景喜剧《老友记》为分析样本,对其中的幽默会话的生成与理解进行对比分析,旨在从中发现中英文幽默在交际过程中生成与理解中的异同,以及中英文幽默映射出的语言与文化差异。

本论文具有一定的理论意义及实践意义。其理论意义是,第一,论文对情景喜剧《老友记》中出现的幽默进行了较为细致的分析,进一步验证并发展了语用理论框架下关于幽默的制笑机制,并一定程度上从语用学角度丰富了幽默以及情景喜剧的有关理论;第二,本论文尝试采用对比分析的理论与方法阐释情景喜剧《老友记》中英剧本中幽默效果的产生于理解,从而丰富了对比分析理论的应用。

Abstract:Humorous language, as the main form to express humor, is popular in our daily life. It comes from our daily life while to some degree it goes beyond life reality. In various books and articles on pragmatics, humorous conversations are frequently taken as examples for pragmatic analysis and studies. Thus the close relationship between humor and pragmatics seems evident.

This study on humor in sitcom friend has theoretical significance. Theoretically, although the pragmatic approach to the explanation of the mechanism of humor production and appreciation has been proposed for a few years, this generalized theoretical explanation of the mechanism of humor is seldom utilized in the analysis of a specific humor context and has seldom been testified.

关键词:幽默,对比分析,情景喜剧,《老友记》

Key words: Humor, Contrastive Analysis, Sitcom, Friends

[中图分类号]:H03 [文献标识码]:A [文章编号]:1002-2139(2011)-16-0135-03

Introduction

Humor is as universal as language. It is so common that it indwells in every nation, every race, every culture and every eld of human being. Wherever there is human race there exists humor.

As a language phenomenon, humor is pervasive in literature, in movies, on television, in our life, etc. As a special kind of human communication, humor is always the most welcomed one. Humor ameliorates human relations, improves the communicative atmosphere, and brings happiness and pleasant feeling to a person in depression. It is regarded as a powerful weapon against hardship and misfortune. Actually, humor is the way to a happy and colorful life.

Situation comedy belongs to the verbal-visual model of communication and the humor in it is brought out both through verbal and non-verbal humorous strategies. As a kind of TV

program, sitcom, especially American sitcom has become so popular throughout the world, among which Friend is a typical example. Until now, the linguistic researches on humor in sitcom are still limited within the field of discourse analysis, foreign language teaching, and cross-cultural study, etc. This study attempts to explore the contrastive analysis of humor from the perspective of pragmatics.

1.Literature Review

Humor is a very pervasive phenomenon in our daily life. Thus , the eld of humor research has been capturing the interest of many scholars from different elds.

1.1. A Review of Previous Studies on HumorWhat is humor? We all can think of examples of humor, and we all can realize the humor when we experience it. These issues have fascinated many scholars from different elds, who have produced a diverse literture on humor. As far as linguistically

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