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高考英语语法专题复习分类汇编-定语从句与状语从句

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高考英语语法专题复习分类汇编定语从句与状语从句

一.定语从句

Julia was good at German, French and Russian, all of ______ she spoke fluently. (2011·湖南卷25)

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

【解析】选C。前面谈到了3种语言即German,French和Russian,它们为先行词。all of which =of which all=and all of them,作非限定性定语从句。

考点1.限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句的比较:

Ⅰ. 定语从句

高考英语语法专题复习分类汇编-定语从句与状语从句

考点2.介词+关系代词连用时,介词的选用

She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction ______ had taken more than three years. (2011·江西卷34)

A. for which B. with which C. of which D. to which

【解析】选C。博物馆的建设花了3年多时间。我们可以说whose construction,也可以说the construction of which=of which the construction,介词of 表所属关系。

介词提前时,定语从句的形式为:介词+which/whom, 不能用that或who。介词的选用一般根据后边动词与介词的搭配关系选择。

考点3.as和which引导非限制性定语从句的比较

例1:Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt, ______ is a stupid thing to do in such weather. (2011·全国大纲卷7)

A. this B. that C. what D. which

【解析】选D。which引导非限定性定语从句。代指前句整个内容。

例2: ______ is know to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.

A. It B. As C. That D. What

【解析】选B。A、D不能引导定语从句,C不能引导非限定性定语从句。As is known to everybody=As everybody knows “正如大家所知道的”。该句也可换成It is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month. =What is known to everybody is that the moon travels round the earth once every month.

as和which的相同点:

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