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何时加ing,何时变原型

动词的 -ing形式

作主语

动词的 -ing形式是动词的一种非谓语形式,由动词原形加 -ing构成,可以在句子中用作主语、表语、宾语、宾语补语、状语和定语。

n Seeing is believing.眼见为实。

n Coming to Hangzhou by train takes about 16 hours.乘火车到杭州要16个小时。

n It‘s nice talking with you.和你谈话很高兴。

n It‘s no use arguing with him. 跟他争论没用。

n There is no harm in doing so. 这样做没有害处。

作表语

动词 -ing可用来作表语。如:

n This food smells inviting.

n My favorite sport is swimming.

n Their job is cleaning the window.

作宾语

1.动词-ing形式可以用作动词、短语动词和介词的宾语。

n I warned her against driving fast.

n Jim dislikes eating chocolate.

2.有些动词和动词短语后接作宾语的非限定性动词时只能是-ing分词,常见的这类动词有:admit, acknowledge, advise, appreciate, avoid, delay, deny, dislike, enjoy, excuse, escape,

fancy, finish, forgive, face, endure, involve, give up, imagine, mention, mind, miss, pardon,

practise, require, resent, resist, suggest, recall, resist, understand等。

n The doctor advised taking more exercise.

n I suggest doing it in a different way.

3.大部分“动词+介词”短语动词,只能后接动词-ing作宾语。这些动词短语有:think of, give up, aim at, put off, insist on, persist in, be good at, do well in, can‘t help, keep on, leave

off, feel like, be tired (afraid, capable, fond) of, set about等。

以下为to作介词的短语有:be used to, object to, devote oneself to, stick to, respond to, look forward to, see to, submit to, adapt to, apply to, accede to, get to, prefer to, adjust to, owe to,

n Do you feel like having a drink?

n I prefer swimming to playing basketball.

4.有些动词既可能带-ing分词作宾语,也可以带to不定式作宾语,但在语义上却有很

大的差别。如:

⑴chance to do 碰巧去做某事

chance doing 冒险试一试做某事

⑵forget to do 忘记要去做某事

forget doing 忘记曾做过某事

⑶go on to do 接着又做另一件事

go on doing 继续做同一件事

⑷remember to do 记得要去做某事

remember doing 记得曾做过某事

⑸stop to do 停下来去做某事

stop doing 停止做某事

⑹try to do 努力做

某事

try doing 试一试做某事

⑺regret to do 对将要做的事表示遗憾

regret doing 对做过的事表示遗憾

⑻mean to do 打算/想做某事

mean doing 意味着/意思是做某事

作宾语补语

l I found the parade quite interesting to watch.

这种用法通常用在下列几类动词中,后接宾语然后加上-ing分

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